- A bottleneck is a resource with a capacity, in average, lower or equal to customer’s demand. A true bottleneck runs 24 hours 7 days a week and still cannot supply what is required.
- A bottleneck is usually very expensive and/or difficult to get. If this is not the case, the solution is obvious: buy additional capacity!
More about bottlenecks.
As a bottleneck is the limiting factor hindering getting more out of the process, hence making money in case of for-profit organizations, and as the bottleneck resource is not easy to duplicate, the best option is to get more through it.
Analyzing the capacity
Almost every resource has a maximum capacity that can seldom be utilized, because of some reasons that waste some of it. The resource’s capacity can be can be depicted by a lab beaker as shown below, with a maximum capacity of 100 (%).
Several events during production will hinder the utilization of the full capacity:
- Machine downtime
- Lack of supplies
- Human rest time
These events are wasting the precious capacity, just as if our beaker was leaking. Changeovers usually are an important cause of capacity loss.
Reducing drastically the changeover duration with SMED is like fixing the leak and recovering a part of the wasted capacity.
In case of a bottleneck this is very important because the recovered capacity is converted in additional sales without (or delaying) investment in scarce or highly expensive additional resource.